What is Open Data ?

Open Data  is defined as structured data that is machine-readable, freely shared, used and built on without restrictions. (Gov of Canada - Open Data). The goal is interoperability.

The key features of openness are:

  • Availability and access: the data must be available as a whole,  preferably by downloading over the internet. The data must also be available in a convenient and modifiable form.

  • Reuse and redistribution: the data must be provided under terms that permit reuse and redistribution including the intermixing with other datasets. The data must be machine-readable.

  • Universal participation: everyone must be able to use, reuse and redistribute — there should be no discrimination against fields of endeavour or against persons or groups. For example, ‘non-commercial’ restrictions that would prevent ‘commercial’ use, or restrictions of use for certain purposes (e.g. only in education), are not allowed.

-- Open Knowledge International

Open data are the building blocks of open knowledge. Open knowledge is what open data becomes when it’s useful, usable and used

Links

Open Knowledge International : https://okfn.org/opendata/

Open Government (Canada): http://open.canada.ca/en/open-data

Open Government (USA): https://www.data.gov/